Postgraduate Certificate Programme (16 credits) -
All knowledge-seeking endeavours can be understood with the help of three issues: (a) The assumptions about the nature of reality under study - ontology, (b) the relationship between the knower and that which is to be known - epistemology, and (c) the methods to be used for acquiring knowledge - methodology. In the late 19th century, academic psychology emerged emulating physics, the queen of sciences. The natural science approach served as its model, and psychology aimed at objective, value-free, quantifiable, and generalisable knowledge. From the 1970’s onwards it was increasingly felt that the natural science paradigm did not serve well the goals of psychology. Today the discipline consists of diverse research paradigms based on differing ontologies, and concomitant epistemologies and methodologies. No system of psychology can be complete unless it includes the spiritual dimension of existence, and contemporary psychology has begun to take this profound aspect of existence more seriously. Indian systems of psychological knowledge have for millennia emphasised the essential, spiritual nature of human beings, and the need to integrate the spiritual with everyday life, in order to attain a meaningful and fulfilled existence.